Current Affairs Today 14 October 2017

Current Affairs Today 14 October 2017

Current Affairs Today 14 october 2017

Current Affairs Today 14 October 2017

Telangana:

1. Telangana to moot policies on food processing and e-vehicles

Encouraged by the response that it has got for its industrial policy TS-iPASS, IT and other sectoral policies, Telangana is now gearing up to launch three more policies for food processing, automotive and electric vehicles shortly. The first two will focus on attracting investments from the respective players while the electric vehicle’s policy will also spell out benefits for end-users
The Government will set up a CoE (Centre of Excellence) for manufacturing in partnership with the industry. This will promote manufacturing segment in the state and will address issues surrounding the sector. A report by CII ‘’Make in Telangana: Creating a sustainable and Globally Competitive Ecosystem’’ also released.

National:

1. Panel to block killer Blue Whale game

The Supreme Court (SC) asked the Centre to set up a panel of experts to block virtual dare games such as Blue Whale Challenge, which reportedly led to several suicidal deaths. SC also sought the government’s response on a plea seeking to firewall similar life threatening/violent games existing in the cyber world — Choking Game, Salt and Ice Challenge, Fire Challenge, Cutting Challenge, Eyeball Challenge and Human Embroidery.
What is firewall ? Firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorised access to or from a private network by controlling incoming and outgoing network traffic.

2. Boosting Army infrastructure along Indo-China border

steps to boost infrastructure along the nearly 4,000 km-long Sino-India border, including
around the areas of dispute.
It was decided to grant additional funds to Border Roads Organisation, Sources said capacity enhancement along the Sino- India border was a major focus area and the conclave decided to boost infrastructure along the entire stretch with China, including
around areas of dispute.

3. Supreme court seeks response from Centre and Election commission

The Supreme Court on Friday sought the response of the Centre and Election Commission (EC) on a plea seeking directions to take steps to discourage independent candidates from contesting Parliament and State Assembly elections.
The PIL, filed by Delhi BJP spokesperson Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay, sought a direction to the Centre and EC to discourage independent candidates from contesting Parliament and State Assembly elections. It said they were often connected with “fragmented voting”,
causing instability.

4. SC tell centre not to deport ROhingyas

The Supreme Court (SC) on Friday said central government should maintain a striking balance between national interests and human rights while dealing with Rohingyas issue.

Supreme court observations:

• It is a large issue. An issue of great magnitude. Therefore, the State has a big role. The role of the State has to be multi pronged.
• Do not deport.You take action if something wrong is found
• National security, economic interests, labour interests, and protection of children, women, sick and innocent persons would come up while dealing with the matter
• There cannot be an “iota of doubt” that humanitarian issue is involved, but need to keep in mind national interests
Central govt view:
• Additional solicitor general (ASG) Tushar Mehta requests SC not to put it in writing as it would have international ramifications
Petitioner argument:
• Advocate Fali S Nariman says all Rohingyas, be they Muslims or Hindus, are not terrorists and the government cannot pass a blanket order.
• Referring to Home Ministry’s order that all Rohingyas should be deported, he says no person can be deprived of liberty granted under the Constitution

5. Constitution bench to deal with women entry ban into Sabarimala temple.

The Supreme Court on Friday referred to a constitution Bench the contentious issue relating to the ban on entry of women between 10 to 50 years of age in Kerala’s historic Sabarimala Temple.
A three-judge Bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra framed five ‘significant’ questions to be dealt with by the constitution Bench, including whether the practice of banning entry of women in the temple amounted to discrimination and violated their fundamental rights
under the Constitution.
“Whether the exclusionary practice which is based upon a biological factor exclusive to the female gender amounts to discrimination and thereby violates the very core of Art 14, 15 and 17 and not protected by ‘morality’ as used in Articles 25 and
26 of the Constitution,”
The management of the Sabarimala temple, located on a hilltop in the Western Ghats of Pathanamthitta district, had earlier told the apex court that the ban on entry of women was because they cannot maintain ‘purity’ on account of menstruation.
The second issue referred to the constitution Bench is whether the practice of excluding such women constitutes an ‘essential religious practice’ under Article 25 of the Constitution and whether a religious institution can assert a claim in that regard under the umbrella of right to manage its own affairs in the matters of religion.
The court questioned how a temple managed by a statutory board — the Travancore Devaswom Board — and financed out of the Consolidated Fund of Kerala and Tamil Nadu “can indulge in practices violating constitutional principles/
morality.”

6. India-US trade can reach to 500 billion dollars

The goal of increasing the annual trade between the US and India to $500 billion is not a “distant dream” given the opportunities that New Delhi offers to American companies, particularly in aviation and defence sectors, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said.
Jaitley said the relationship between India and the US had evolved into a very strong partnership in the last few years and goals like ‘Mission-500’ outline and re-emphasise the objective of the partnership.
According to the United States Trade Representative (USTR) figures, India was US’ ninth largest trading partner with the total two way trade of $67.7 billion last year. It is loaded in favour of India, which runs a surplus of $24 billion.
Jaitley said one of the suggestions which was mooted in the meeting with US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross was that the two countries must get back governmental participation in private sector conferences. For the first a different concept is taking place in November when a large number of American businesses are travelling to India for the Global Entrepreneurship (GES), he said, adding that the exercise will probably be repeated in the US next year.

7. Niti Ayog working on Agricultural reforms

Current Affairs today 14 october 2017Aiming to double farmer’s ’income by 2022, the federal think-tank Niti Aayog on Friday said it is working with states to adopt first set of agri market reforms, including contract farming, online spot and futures trading besides encouraging private investment.
Following a direction from Prime Minister Narendra Modi, a comprehensive agenda has been prepared to bring transformation in agriculture, which has not been liberalised like other sectors since 1991, it said.
1. Main emphasis is being given on bringing marketing reforms
2. Facilitate and incentivise the private sector to invest in agri logistics and cold chains, among others.
3. Among the first set of reforms, Chand said contract farming has to be promoted and for which a model law has been framed both by the think-tank and the agriculture ministry.
4. To promote derivative trading in farm commodities, Chand said the finance ministry has set up a panel.
He also expressed happiness that farmers in the North- East and Madhya Pradesh are using the futures trading platform for selling their produce. Even integration of mandis with the electronic National Agriculture Market (eNAM) is picking up. The Niti Aayog has also proposed scrapping of the Essential Commodities Act that is destabilising prices rather than keeping them stable, he added.

8. Pranab Mukherjee released the third part of his memoir

Former president Pranab Mukherjee launched his memoir ‘’The Coalition Years:1996-2012’’ Mukherjee’s memoir is the third in the series. The other two are:
1. The Dramatic Decade: The Indira Gandhi Years
2. The Turbulent Years: 1980-1996.

9. Historian Satish Chandra passes away

Veteran historian of medieval India and noted educational administrator Satish Chandra passed away on Friday. He was 95.
He was Chairman of the University Grants Commission from 1976 to 1981, and Vice-Chairman of of the body from 1973 to 1976

International:

1. London topped in Global Power City index:

London has retained its rank as the number one city in the world shrugging off Brexit worries, according to Global Power City Index. The report, released ranked 44 major cities across six key measures including the economy, culture, accessibility, research and development the environment and livability.

2. US President Decertifies Iran nuclear deal :

All parties involved in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear programme should abide by it, said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
“Lavrov drew attention to the fact that Tehran adheres to all its JCPOA obligations and stressed the need to observe this document by its other cosponsors,” the statement

3. US and South korea to launch major navy drill

The United States and South Korea will kick off a major navy drill next week, the US navy said on Friday, a fresh show of force against North Korea over its missile and nuclear tests.
“The exercise, slated for October 16 to 26 in the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea, would promote communications, interoperability, and partnership,” the statement added.

Sports:

1. ICC reforms in test and one day cricket

Current Affairs Today 14 october 2017The International Cricket Council (ICC) unveiled a long-awaited, nine-nation Test championship Friday in a bid to preserve the five day format’s status following the rapid growth of Twenty20. The Test league was among a raft of reforms agreed at an ICC board meeting in Auckland.
ICC approves four-day Tests on a trial basis, effectively giving green light to the Boxing Day Test between hosts South Africa and Zimbabwe from December 26-29. The ODI league will be a direct qualification pathway towards the World Cup

2. Shakib inducted into MCC Panel

Premier all-rounder Shakib-al Hasan became the first cricketer from Bangladesh to be inducted into the MCC World Cricket Committee under the chairmanship of Mike Gatting.

Science and Technology:

1. Planet Nine could be super earth.

The yet-to-be discovered ‘Planet Nine’ may be 10 times the mass of the Earth and 20 times away from the Sun than Neptune, a study says.
According to researchers, Planet Nine could turn out to be our solar system’s missing ‘super Earth’ – a planet with a mass higher than the Earth’s, but substantially lower than the masses of ice giants Uranus and Neptune.

2. El Nino causes CO2 spike

The 2015-16 El Nino – one of the largest on record caused the largest annual increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration seen in at least 2,000 years, a Nasa study has found.
Analysing the first 28 months of data from Nasa Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite, researchers concluded that the impacts of El Nino-related heat and drought occurring in tropical regions of South America, Africa and Indonesia were responsible for the record spike in global carbon dioxide.
El Nino refers to a band of warm ocean water that develops in the Pacific Ocean and causes global changes of both temperatures and rainfall. Scientists suspected the 2015-16 El Nino – one of the largest on record was responsible, but exactly how has been a subject of ongoing research.

3. Sun like star recognised and named as Kronos

Astronomers have discovered that a Sun-like star lurking around 350 light years away consumed the rocky equivalent of 15 Earths. Dubbed Kronos after the child eating Titan of Greek mythology, the star is the clearest and most dramatic case yet of a Sun-like star consuming its own planets.