Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf

Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf-More than 1500 bits for all competitive exams like APPSC, TSPSC, UPSC, Bank Exams, RRB, SSC, etc..

Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf

Part 1 of 10:

  1. In the Vedic society, which was the term used to denote a group of families—Ans: Grama
  2. What was the script used in the earliest Tamil inscriptions—Ans: Brahmi
  3. Which ports handled the north Indian trade during the Gupta period—Ans: Broach
  4. Which Tomar ruler is credited to have established Delhi—Ans: Anangpal
  5. Who was the Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India—Ans:

Feroze Shan Tughlaq

  1. Which school of paintings developed independently during the Mughal Period—Ans: The Bijapur School
  2. Which ‘Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa—Ans: Polak
  3. Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank—Ans: Mahatma Gandhi
  1. At which one place did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India—Ans: Champaran
  2. Bhakt Tukaram was a contemporary of which Mughal emperor—Ans: Jahangir
  3. Who was called Zinda Pir (living saint) in Mughal India—Ans: Aurangzeb
  4. In which nomad man started settling—Ans: Neolithic Age
  5. Rigveda is divided into 10 books. Which books are the oldest—Ans: Second and seventh
  6. Who was the last of the 24th Jain Tirthankaras—Ans: Mahavira
  7. Which site, where Ashokan pillars exist, has the bull capital—Ans: Rampurva
  8. During which reign was Kalidasa lived—Ans: Chandragupta II
  9. Which Rashtrakuta ruler established a victory pillar in Rameshwaram—Ans: Krishna III
  10. Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate—Ans: Nasir-ud-din-Mahmud
  11. The ruler which was not invited to join the confederacy to fight against Vijaynagar

in the battle of Talikota—Ans: Berar

  1. Who was the Afghan ruler of India whose administrative system was emulated

by the British—Ans: Sher Shah Suri

  1. Whose tomb is ‘Biwi Ka Maqbara’—Ans: Aurangzeb’s wife
  2. Who organised a Maratha confederacy against the English leading to the Third Anglo Maratha War—Ans:

The Peshwa

  1. By whom was Shuddhi movement (conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism) started—Ans:

Swami Dayanand Saraswati

  1. “The best and bravest of the military leader of the rebels” about whom was this said by Sir Hugh Rose—Ans:

Rani of Jhansi

  1. During India’s Freedom Struggle, which led to the first ‘All India Hartal’—Ans: Protest against Rowlatt


  1. In ancient India, at where was the earliest capital of Magadha kingdom—Ans: Rajgir
  2. Which Rajputa king defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time—Ans: Prithviraj III
  3. Which region of India was ruled by Sultan Zainul Abidin—Ans: Kashmir
  4. Sirajuddaulah was defeated by Lord Clive in which battle—Ans: Plassey
  5. Near the banks of which river excavations have brought to light that Indus Valley

Civilization percolated to far south—Ans: Krishna




  1. The term nishka, which meant an ornament in the Vedic period, was used in

latertirnes, what did it denote—Ans: A coin

  1. Which are Tile earliest Buddhist literature that deal with the stories of the various

birth of Buddha—Ans: Jatakas

  1. Which was the most important factor in transforming ancient Indian society into

feudal society—Ans: Practice of land grants

  1. By whom was the ‘Shahnama’ written—Ans: Firdausi
  2. The Portuguese traveller, Nuniz visited Vijayanagar during the reign of which

rular—Ans: Achyuta Raya

  1. Which Mughal Emperor gave land for the construction of the Golden Temple at

Amritsar—Ans: Akbar

  1. Under the leadership of which Guru did the Sikh become a political and military

force—Ans: Guru Gobind Singh

  1. Which decisive battle was fought during the Third Carnatic War between the

English and the French—Ans: Wandiwash

  1. The ruler of which State was removed from power by the British on the protext

of misgovernance—Ans: Awadh

  1. What was the original name of Tansen, the most famous musician at the court

of Akbar—Ans: Ramtanu Pande

  1. Which Indian ruler established embassies in foreign countries. on modern lines—Ans: Tipu Sultan
  2. When was the Indus Valley Civilization flourished—Ans: During 2500-1750 B.C
  3. What are the main channels of our knowledge about the Indus Valley

Civilization—Ans: A r c h a e o l o g i c a l excavations

  1. What was the rate of land revenue as ‘given in the dharma shastras—Ans: 6-Jan
  2. In which country was Buddhism first propogated outside India—Ans: Srilanka
  3. Who was well-known patron of the Mahayana of Buddhism—Ans: Kanishka
  4. Which Gupta king is famous for his courageous stand against the Hunas—Ans: Skanda Gupta
  5. To which work is Devichandraguptam related—Ans: Chandra Gupta II
  6. Who is most famous for” the establishment of an elaborate system of municipal

administration—Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

  1. By whom was the city of Agra founded in 1504—Ans: Sikandar Lodi
  2. Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq transfer his capital from Delhi to

Daulatabad—Ans: To control South India better

  1. During which reign was the East India Company founded in London—Ans: Akbar
  2. Who was known as ‘Lady with Lamp’—Ans: Florence Nightingale
  3. Which Rajput dynasties did not surrender to Akbar—Ans: Sisodiya
  4. Where was Shivaji crowned as an independent king—Ans: Raigarh
  5. Which saint name is associated with Shivaji—Ans: Ram Das
  6. By whom was Island of Bombay was given to the English Prince Charles II as dowry—Ans: Portuguese
  7. Which first Europeans came to India—Ans: Portuguese
  8. During which movement was ‘Mahatma’ added before Gandhiji’s name—Ans: Champaran satyagraha
  9. Who was impeached in England for his actions in India—Ans: Warren Hastings

Day:  (4) General Studies History


  1. Who was the first General-Secretary of the Indian National Congress—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  2. When was the monopoly of East India Company in trade brought under the control of the British Crown—Ans: 1773 A.D.
  1. By whom was the Home Rule Movement in India was started—Ans: Annie Besant and Tilak
  2. After whose name was a women’s division of the Indian National Army named—Ans: Rani Jhansi
  1. Who started the newspaper Shome Prakash—Ans: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  1. In whose court was a Chinese embassy sent by Tang emperor—Ans: Harshavardhana
  2. Which inscription mentions Pulkesin II’s military success against

Harshavardhana—Ans:  Aihole Inscription

  1. Chandragupta Maurya figures prominently in whose book—Ans: Vishakhdatta
  2. Who stated that there was no slavery in India—Ans: Megasthenes
  3. Which ruler had granted Diwani to the East India company—Ans: Shah Alam II
  4. What is the name of the group of languages spoken by the largest number of

people in India—Ans: Indo-Aryan

  1. On which thing did the Buddhism and Jainism both give stress—Ans: Non-violence
  2. Which silver coins Issued by the Guptas—Ans: Rupayaka
  3. By whom was the rare work on architecture, Samarangana Sutradhara written—Ans: Bhoja Paramara
  4. Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce the practice of ‘Sijda’—Ans: Balban
  5. Which Sultan of Delhi imposed Jazfya on the Brahmins also—Ans: Firoz Tughlaq
  6. Who got the ‘Bharat Ratna’ award, before becoming the President of India—Ans: Dr. Zakir Hussain
  7. The Mansabdari system introduced by Akbar from which system was it borrowed

from—Ans: Mongolia

  1. The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during which reign—Ans: Shivaji
  2. Which Land tenure systems was introduced by Lord Cornwallis—Ans: Zamindari
  3. By whom was Swaraj as a national demand first made—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  4. Who is the author of the book ‘Glimpses of World History’—Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru
  5. Who attended the Second Round Table Conference as the representative of the Congress—Ans: Gandhiji
  1. Which reservoir is constructed on Chambal—Ans: Gandhi Sagar
  2. Which state was in the development of hydroelectricity the pioneering state—Ans: Karnataka
  3. Which is the most malleable metal—Ans: Gold
  4. During the Mughal period which trader first came to India—Ans: English
  5. A Fortgotten Empire’, written by the renowned historian Robert Sewell, is about which Empire—Ans:

Vijaynagar Empire

  1. Which God lost his importance as the first deity during the Later Vedic period—Ans: Varuna
  2. Who was the famous Indo-Greek king who embraced Buddhism—Ans: Menander

Day:  (5) General Studies-History


  1. During which reign did both Vardhaman Mahavira and Gautama Buddha preach

their doctrines—Ans: Bimbisara

  1. What is the name by which Ashoka is generally referred to in his inscriptions—Ans: Priyadarsi
  2. Which Gupta ruler was equally great in the art of peace, wars and personal

accomplishment—Ans: Chandragupta-II

  1. Who contributed the Chalukya in Western India—Ans: Guptas
  2. The Kalachuri era counted from A.D. 248 what was mostly in currnet—Ans: Andhra
  3. By whom was the first estimate of national income in India made—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  4. Which region of northern India was not included in the empire of Ala-ud-din

Khalji—Ans: Kashmir

  1. Who destroyed the group of Forty Nobles—Ans: Balban
  2. Who built Char Minar—Ans: Quli Qutb Shah
  3. On the ruins of which Hindu kingdom was the kingdom of Golconda founded—Ans: Kakatiyas
  4. Where is Buland Darwaza situated—Ans: Fatehpur Sikri
  5. During which reign was the Purana Qila constructed—Ans: Sher Shah
  6. By whom was the Sikh Khalsa founded—Ans: Guru Gobind Singh
  7. On 13th April of which year Guru Gobind Singh established Khalsa—Ans: 1699
  8. The Maratha power reached its zenith during which Peshwaship—Ans: Balaji II
  9. Which lake in India has the highest water salinity—Ans: Sambhar
  10. In which year did the Peshwa became the official head of Maratha

administration—Ans:1748 A.D.

  1. Bhopal gas tragedy struck in the year 1984 due to the leakage of which gas—Ans: Methyl-iso-cyanate
  2. Which is the first company-managed major port in India—Ans: Ennore
  3. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre—Ans: Lord Chelmsford
  4. What was the first venture of Gandhiji in all-India politics—Ans: Rowlatt Satyagraha
  5. During the reign of which Indian National Congress banned and over 1,20,000

persons were arrested—Ans:

Lord Willingdon

  1. Who led the agitation against the Partition of Bengal (1905)—Ans: Surendranath Banerjee
  2. Who among the following had led the Swadeshi Movement in Delhi—Ans: Syed Haider Raza
  3. A Buddhist Council during the reign of Kanishka was held at which place—Ans: Kashmir
  4. Which dynasty was associated with Gandhara school of Art—Ans: Kushans
  5. Which is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India—Ans: Damodar Valley


  1. Recently reserves of diamond have been reported in Madhya Pradesh from

which place—Ans:


  1. Who is associated with Tashkent Agreement—Ans: Lal Bahadur Shastri
  2. In India, where did the Dutch establish their earliest factory—Ans: Masulipattanam




  1. In Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic


  1. In which year was the Indus Valley Civilisation discovered—Ans: 1921
  2. Purushsukta is a part of which veda—Ans: Rigveda
  3. What are the brothers Umakant and Ramakant Gundecha—Ans: Dhrupad vocalists
  4. Which was common both to the Harappan society and the Rigvedic society—Ans: Horses
  5. Who was the President of the First Buddhist Council held at Rajagriha—Ans: Mahakassapa
  6. By which method is the age of most ancient geological formations estimated—Ans: C4 method
  7. Ban-Ki-Moon the Secretary general of UNO belongs to which country—Ans: South Korea
  8. In which state had Gautama Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvan—Ans: Malia
  9. Who is the Father of local self government in India—Ans: Lord Ripon
  10. Who was the last ruler of Sunga dynasty—Ans: Devabhuti
  11. What was the pen name of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye—Ans: Kamla Kant
  12. ‘Man-The Maker of His Own Destiny’ book was written by which person—Ans: Swami Vivekananda
  13. Who is considered to be the father of Ayurveda—Ans: Charaka
  14. In ancient India, Nalanda University was a great centre for the study of which


Mahayana Buddhism

  1. By whom was the first Muslim invasion of India lead—Ans: Muharnmad-bin-Oasim
  2. The Arab conquest of Sind took place in which year—Ans: 712 A.D.
  3. Which was the medieval ruler who was the first to establish a ministry of


Mohammad Bin


  1. Why is Sher Shah is well known for his administrative skill,—Ans: Land revenue system
  2. By whom was the Sarak-i-Azam which ran from the Indus to Sonargaon (in

Bangladesh) built—Ans:Sher Shah

  1. The Upanishads were translated into Persian by the orders of which rular—Ans: Dara Shikoh
  2. ‘Padmavat’ of Malik Muhammad Jaisi, a notable, work in Hindi, was completed

during which reign—Ans:Sher Shah

  1. Who commanded the Maratha army in the third battle of Panipat—Ans: Sadashiv Rao Bhau
  2. Tejaswini Sawant is the first Indian woman to be crowned World Champion in

which sports—Ans:Shooting

  1. Which forms the western boundary of the Indian sub-continent—Ans: Hindukush
  2. Uplift of the backward classes was the main programme of which family—Ans: Satyashodhak Samaj
  3. By whom was the practice of Sati was declared illegal—Ans: Lord William Bentinck
  4. Who was the leader to have the unique distinction of firing the first shot in the

rebellion of 1857—Ans:Mangal Pande

  1. The world famous ‘Khajuraho’ sculptures are located in which State—Ans: Madhya Pradesh
  2. In the Interim Government formed in the year 1946, who held the portfolio of

Defence—Ans:Baldev Singh





  1. From where did Mahatma Gandhi start his historic Dandi March—Ans: Sabarmati Ashram
  2. Who first voiced the idea of a separate Muslim state in India—Ans: Mohammad Iqbal
  3. Who was responsible for the integration of Indian Princely States—Ans: Sardar Patel
  4. By which was Yavanika (Curtain) introduced in Indian theatre—Ans: Greeks
  5. The religious literature of the Jains at the early stage was written in which


  1. Kula, Kufri, Kajjair and Dalhousie are all tourists place of which state—Ans: Himachal Pradesh
  2. Of which Religion-wise the sculpture were found at Kankali tila in Mathura—Ans: Jaina
  3. By whom was the famous ‘Kirti Stambha’ at Chittor built—Ans: Rana Kumbha
  4. Which of the British Officials defeated Portuguese at Sowlley—Ans: Thomas Best
  5. Which element of Hinduism was practised in the Indus Valley Civilization—Ans: Cult of Shiva
  6. What was the script of Indus Valley Civilization—Ans: Undeciphered
  7. What are Brahmanas—Ans: Texts on sacrificial


  1. What is the meaning of ‘Buddha’—Ans: The Enlightened one
  2. Kautilya was the Prime Minister of which Indian ruler—Ans: Chandragupta Maurya
  3. Before ascending the Maurya throne, Ashoka served as– As a Viceroy of Taxila
  4. What were the two colossal images of the Buddha at Bamiyan—Ans: Works of the Gupta Art
  5. Who has been called the ‘Napoleon of India’—Ans: Samudragupta
  6. During the reign of which Pallava ruler did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang

visit Kanchi—Ans:Narasimhavaram I

  1. What was Sher Shah’s real name—Ans: Farid
  2. Which battle was fought in 1192 A.D.—Ans: Second Battle of Tarain
  3. During whose reign did the Mongols first invaded India—Ans: Iltutmish
  4. Who was contemporary of Namdev—Ans: Sena
  5. Who was the earliest Sufi Saint to have settled at Ajmer—Ans: Sheikh Moinuddin


  1. Under whose reign did Mughal Empire extend up to Tamil territory in the

South—Ans: Aurangzeb

  1. Which Rajput mansabdar revolted against Aurangzeb—Ans: Durgadas Rathore
  2. Which was the last governor of Bengal appointed by the Mughal emperor—Ans: Murshid Quli Khan
  3. Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’—Ans: Guru Hargovind
  4. Who was the first Indian to get selected in ICS—Ans: Surendranath Banerjee
  5. Who was the first Governor General of Bengal—Ans: Warren Hastings
  6. What was the real name of Tantiya Tope—Ans: R a m c h a n d r a Panduranga





  1. Who was the British PM at the time of Revolt of 1857—Ans: Pamstern
  2. The Cabinet Mission to India headed by– Lord Pethick Lawrence
  3. Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India—Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Who also had the name Devanama Piyadasi—Ans: Mauryan King Ashoka
  5. Who was thrice elected President of the Indian National Congress—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  6. Which historical personality of India is also known as Vishnugupta—Ans: Chanakya
  7. The English East India Company founded a permanent factory at Surat in which



  1. Which Harappan site had a dock—Ans: Lothal
  2. Which Veda throws light on the beliefs and practices of the non-Aryans—Ans: Atharvaveda
  3. Lathyrism is caused by excessive consumption of which thing—Ans: Khesari Dal
  4. The code of conduct of the Vedic society was laid out in which text—Ans: Smritis
  5. Who was the founder of the Nanda dyansty—Ans: Mahapadma Nanda
  6. Who was a great ruler of Kalinga in ancient times—Ans: Kharavela
  7. What was the language of the Satavahana inscription—Ans: Prakrit
  8. The great grammarian Patanjali of ancient India was contemporary of– Pushyamitra Sunga
  9. Who deciphered the Brahmi script—Ans: James Princep
  10. Which ruler was adorned with the title of ‘Maharajadhiraja’ (King of Kings)—Ans: Chandragupta I
  11. In ancient peninsular India, who assumed the title ‘Vatapikonda’—Ans: Narasimhavarman
  12. Prithviraj Chauhan belonged to which Rajput dynasty—Ans: Gahadavalas
  13. Under which Sultan, Khalisa land increased considerably—Ans: Alauddin Khilji
  14. By whom was the structure of Qutab Minar was completed—Ans: Iltutmish
  15. When Akbar was young, Who was his guardian—Ans: Bairam Khan
  16. In which year Akbar assumed actual control over the administration of his



  1. By whom was Nishat Garden built—Ans: Jahangir
  2. Which Mughal ruler banned music and dancing—Ans: Aurangzeb
  3. Who succeeded Siraj-ud-Daulah as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of

Plassey—Ans:Mir Jafar

  1. Where did Shahjahan build the Moti Masjid—Ans: Agra
  2. In which year was Vande Mataram first sung at the session of the Indian National


  1. Which State was first annexed by Lord Dalhousie under the Doctrine of Lapse—Ans: Satara
  2. Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra

Pandurang—Ans:Tatiya Tope

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