Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf

Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf-More than 1500 bits for all competitive exams like APPSC, TSPSC, UPSC, Bank Exams, RRB, SSC, etc..

Indian History bits -competitive exams pdf

Part 1 of 10:

  1. In the Vedic society, which was the term used to denote a group of families—Ans: Grama
  2. What was the script used in the earliest Tamil inscriptions—Ans: Brahmi
  3. Which ports handled the north Indian trade during the Gupta period—Ans: Broach
  4. Which Tomar ruler is credited to have established Delhi—Ans: Anangpal
  5. Who was the Sultan of Delhi who is reputed to have built the biggest network of canals in India—Ans:

Feroze Shan Tughlaq

  1. Which school of paintings developed independently during the Mughal Period—Ans: The Bijapur School
  2. Which ‘Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa—Ans: Polak
  3. Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank—Ans: Mahatma Gandhi
  1. At which one place did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India—Ans: Champaran
  2. Bhakt Tukaram was a contemporary of which Mughal emperor—Ans: Jahangir
  3. Who was called Zinda Pir (living saint) in Mughal India—Ans: Aurangzeb
  4. In which nomad man started settling—Ans: Neolithic Age
  5. Rigveda is divided into 10 books. Which books are the oldest—Ans: Second and seventh
  6. Who was the last of the 24th Jain Tirthankaras—Ans: Mahavira
  7. Which site, where Ashokan pillars exist, has the bull capital—Ans: Rampurva
  8. During which reign was Kalidasa lived—Ans: Chandragupta II
  9. Which Rashtrakuta ruler established a victory pillar in Rameshwaram—Ans: Krishna III
  10. Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate—Ans: Nasir-ud-din-Mahmud
  11. The ruler which was not invited to join the confederacy to fight against Vijaynagar

in the battle of Talikota—Ans: Berar

  1. Who was the Afghan ruler of India whose administrative system was emulated

by the British—Ans: Sher Shah Suri

  1. Whose tomb is ‘Biwi Ka Maqbara’—Ans: Aurangzeb’s wife
  2. Who organised a Maratha confederacy against the English leading to the Third Anglo Maratha War—Ans:

The Peshwa

  1. By whom was Shuddhi movement (conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism) started—Ans:

Swami Dayanand Saraswati

  1. “The best and bravest of the military leader of the rebels” about whom was this said by Sir Hugh Rose—Ans:

Rani of Jhansi

  1. During India’s Freedom Struggle, which led to the first ‘All India Hartal’—Ans: Protest against Rowlatt

Act

  1. In ancient India, at where was the earliest capital of Magadha kingdom—Ans: Rajgir
  2. Which Rajputa king defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time—Ans: Prithviraj III
  3. Which region of India was ruled by Sultan Zainul Abidin—Ans: Kashmir
  4. Sirajuddaulah was defeated by Lord Clive in which battle—Ans: Plassey
  5. Near the banks of which river excavations have brought to light that Indus Valley

Civilization percolated to far south—Ans: Krishna

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History

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  1. The term nishka, which meant an ornament in the Vedic period, was used in

latertirnes, what did it denote—Ans: A coin

  1. Which are Tile earliest Buddhist literature that deal with the stories of the various

birth of Buddha—Ans: Jatakas

  1. Which was the most important factor in transforming ancient Indian society into

feudal society—Ans: Practice of land grants

  1. By whom was the ‘Shahnama’ written—Ans: Firdausi
  2. The Portuguese traveller, Nuniz visited Vijayanagar during the reign of which

rular—Ans: Achyuta Raya

  1. Which Mughal Emperor gave land for the construction of the Golden Temple at

Amritsar—Ans: Akbar

  1. Under the leadership of which Guru did the Sikh become a political and military

force—Ans: Guru Gobind Singh

  1. Which decisive battle was fought during the Third Carnatic War between the

English and the French—Ans: Wandiwash

  1. The ruler of which State was removed from power by the British on the protext

of misgovernance—Ans: Awadh

  1. What was the original name of Tansen, the most famous musician at the court

of Akbar—Ans: Ramtanu Pande

  1. Which Indian ruler established embassies in foreign countries. on modern lines—Ans: Tipu Sultan
  2. When was the Indus Valley Civilization flourished—Ans: During 2500-1750 B.C
  3. What are the main channels of our knowledge about the Indus Valley

Civilization—Ans: A r c h a e o l o g i c a l excavations

  1. What was the rate of land revenue as ‘given in the dharma shastras—Ans: 6-Jan
  2. In which country was Buddhism first propogated outside India—Ans: Srilanka
  3. Who was well-known patron of the Mahayana of Buddhism—Ans: Kanishka
  4. Which Gupta king is famous for his courageous stand against the Hunas—Ans: Skanda Gupta
  5. To which work is Devichandraguptam related—Ans: Chandra Gupta II
  6. Who is most famous for” the establishment of an elaborate system of municipal

administration—Ans: Chandragupta Maurya

  1. By whom was the city of Agra founded in 1504—Ans: Sikandar Lodi
  2. Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq transfer his capital from Delhi to

Daulatabad—Ans: To control South India better

  1. During which reign was the East India Company founded in London—Ans: Akbar
  2. Who was known as ‘Lady with Lamp’—Ans: Florence Nightingale
  3. Which Rajput dynasties did not surrender to Akbar—Ans: Sisodiya
  4. Where was Shivaji crowned as an independent king—Ans: Raigarh
  5. Which saint name is associated with Shivaji—Ans: Ram Das
  6. By whom was Island of Bombay was given to the English Prince Charles II as dowry—Ans: Portuguese
  7. Which first Europeans came to India—Ans: Portuguese
  8. During which movement was ‘Mahatma’ added before Gandhiji’s name—Ans: Champaran satyagraha
  9. Who was impeached in England for his actions in India—Ans: Warren Hastings

Day:  (4) General Studies History

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  1. Who was the first General-Secretary of the Indian National Congress—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  2. When was the monopoly of East India Company in trade brought under the control of the British Crown—Ans: 1773 A.D.
  1. By whom was the Home Rule Movement in India was started—Ans: Annie Besant and Tilak
  2. After whose name was a women’s division of the Indian National Army named—Ans: Rani Jhansi
  1. Who started the newspaper Shome Prakash—Ans: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  1. In whose court was a Chinese embassy sent by Tang emperor—Ans: Harshavardhana
  2. Which inscription mentions Pulkesin II’s military success against

Harshavardhana—Ans:  Aihole Inscription

  1. Chandragupta Maurya figures prominently in whose book—Ans: Vishakhdatta
  2. Who stated that there was no slavery in India—Ans: Megasthenes
  3. Which ruler had granted Diwani to the East India company—Ans: Shah Alam II
  4. What is the name of the group of languages spoken by the largest number of

people in India—Ans: Indo-Aryan

  1. On which thing did the Buddhism and Jainism both give stress—Ans: Non-violence
  2. Which silver coins Issued by the Guptas—Ans: Rupayaka
  3. By whom was the rare work on architecture, Samarangana Sutradhara written—Ans: Bhoja Paramara
  4. Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce the practice of ‘Sijda’—Ans: Balban
  5. Which Sultan of Delhi imposed Jazfya on the Brahmins also—Ans: Firoz Tughlaq
  6. Who got the ‘Bharat Ratna’ award, before becoming the President of India—Ans: Dr. Zakir Hussain
  7. The Mansabdari system introduced by Akbar from which system was it borrowed

from—Ans: Mongolia

  1. The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during which reign—Ans: Shivaji
  2. Which Land tenure systems was introduced by Lord Cornwallis—Ans: Zamindari
  3. By whom was Swaraj as a national demand first made—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  4. Who is the author of the book ‘Glimpses of World History’—Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru
  5. Who attended the Second Round Table Conference as the representative of the Congress—Ans: Gandhiji
  1. Which reservoir is constructed on Chambal—Ans: Gandhi Sagar
  2. Which state was in the development of hydroelectricity the pioneering state—Ans: Karnataka
  3. Which is the most malleable metal—Ans: Gold
  4. During the Mughal period which trader first came to India—Ans: English
  5. A Fortgotten Empire’, written by the renowned historian Robert Sewell, is about which Empire—Ans:

Vijaynagar Empire

  1. Which God lost his importance as the first deity during the Later Vedic period—Ans: Varuna
  2. Who was the famous Indo-Greek king who embraced Buddhism—Ans: Menander

Day:  (5) General Studies-History

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  1. During which reign did both Vardhaman Mahavira and Gautama Buddha preach

their doctrines—Ans: Bimbisara

  1. What is the name by which Ashoka is generally referred to in his inscriptions—Ans: Priyadarsi
  2. Which Gupta ruler was equally great in the art of peace, wars and personal

accomplishment—Ans: Chandragupta-II

  1. Who contributed the Chalukya in Western India—Ans: Guptas
  2. The Kalachuri era counted from A.D. 248 what was mostly in currnet—Ans: Andhra
  3. By whom was the first estimate of national income in India made—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  4. Which region of northern India was not included in the empire of Ala-ud-din

Khalji—Ans: Kashmir

  1. Who destroyed the group of Forty Nobles—Ans: Balban
  2. Who built Char Minar—Ans: Quli Qutb Shah
  3. On the ruins of which Hindu kingdom was the kingdom of Golconda founded—Ans: Kakatiyas
  4. Where is Buland Darwaza situated—Ans: Fatehpur Sikri
  5. During which reign was the Purana Qila constructed—Ans: Sher Shah
  6. By whom was the Sikh Khalsa founded—Ans: Guru Gobind Singh
  7. On 13th April of which year Guru Gobind Singh established Khalsa—Ans: 1699
  8. The Maratha power reached its zenith during which Peshwaship—Ans: Balaji II
  9. Which lake in India has the highest water salinity—Ans: Sambhar
  10. In which year did the Peshwa became the official head of Maratha

administration—Ans:1748 A.D.

  1. Bhopal gas tragedy struck in the year 1984 due to the leakage of which gas—Ans: Methyl-iso-cyanate
  2. Which is the first company-managed major port in India—Ans: Ennore
  3. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre—Ans: Lord Chelmsford
  4. What was the first venture of Gandhiji in all-India politics—Ans: Rowlatt Satyagraha
  5. During the reign of which Indian National Congress banned and over 1,20,000

persons were arrested—Ans:

Lord Willingdon

  1. Who led the agitation against the Partition of Bengal (1905)—Ans: Surendranath Banerjee
  2. Who among the following had led the Swadeshi Movement in Delhi—Ans: Syed Haider Raza
  3. A Buddhist Council during the reign of Kanishka was held at which place—Ans: Kashmir
  4. Which dynasty was associated with Gandhara school of Art—Ans: Kushans
  5. Which is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India—Ans: Damodar Valley

Corporation

  1. Recently reserves of diamond have been reported in Madhya Pradesh from

which place—Ans:

Devbhog

  1. Who is associated with Tashkent Agreement—Ans: Lal Bahadur Shastri
  2. In India, where did the Dutch establish their earliest factory—Ans: Masulipattanam

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History

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  1. In Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic

development—Ans:Seals

  1. In which year was the Indus Valley Civilisation discovered—Ans: 1921
  2. Purushsukta is a part of which veda—Ans: Rigveda
  3. What are the brothers Umakant and Ramakant Gundecha—Ans: Dhrupad vocalists
  4. Which was common both to the Harappan society and the Rigvedic society—Ans: Horses
  5. Who was the President of the First Buddhist Council held at Rajagriha—Ans: Mahakassapa
  6. By which method is the age of most ancient geological formations estimated—Ans: C4 method
  7. Ban-Ki-Moon the Secretary general of UNO belongs to which country—Ans: South Korea
  8. In which state had Gautama Buddha had attained Mahaparinirvan—Ans: Malia
  9. Who is the Father of local self government in India—Ans: Lord Ripon
  10. Who was the last ruler of Sunga dynasty—Ans: Devabhuti
  11. What was the pen name of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye—Ans: Kamla Kant
  12. ‘Man-The Maker of His Own Destiny’ book was written by which person—Ans: Swami Vivekananda
  13. Who is considered to be the father of Ayurveda—Ans: Charaka
  14. In ancient India, Nalanda University was a great centre for the study of which

religion—Ans:

Mahayana Buddhism

  1. By whom was the first Muslim invasion of India lead—Ans: Muharnmad-bin-Oasim
  2. The Arab conquest of Sind took place in which year—Ans: 712 A.D.
  3. Which was the medieval ruler who was the first to establish a ministry of

agriculture—Ans:

Mohammad Bin

Tughlaq

  1. Why is Sher Shah is well known for his administrative skill,—Ans: Land revenue system
  2. By whom was the Sarak-i-Azam which ran from the Indus to Sonargaon (in

Bangladesh) built—Ans:Sher Shah

  1. The Upanishads were translated into Persian by the orders of which rular—Ans: Dara Shikoh
  2. ‘Padmavat’ of Malik Muhammad Jaisi, a notable, work in Hindi, was completed

during which reign—Ans:Sher Shah

  1. Who commanded the Maratha army in the third battle of Panipat—Ans: Sadashiv Rao Bhau
  2. Tejaswini Sawant is the first Indian woman to be crowned World Champion in

which sports—Ans:Shooting

  1. Which forms the western boundary of the Indian sub-continent—Ans: Hindukush
  2. Uplift of the backward classes was the main programme of which family—Ans: Satyashodhak Samaj
  3. By whom was the practice of Sati was declared illegal—Ans: Lord William Bentinck
  4. Who was the leader to have the unique distinction of firing the first shot in the

rebellion of 1857—Ans:Mangal Pande

  1. The world famous ‘Khajuraho’ sculptures are located in which State—Ans: Madhya Pradesh
  2. In the Interim Government formed in the year 1946, who held the portfolio of

Defence—Ans:Baldev Singh

 


 

History

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  1. From where did Mahatma Gandhi start his historic Dandi March—Ans: Sabarmati Ashram
  2. Who first voiced the idea of a separate Muslim state in India—Ans: Mohammad Iqbal
  3. Who was responsible for the integration of Indian Princely States—Ans: Sardar Patel
  4. By which was Yavanika (Curtain) introduced in Indian theatre—Ans: Greeks
  5. The religious literature of the Jains at the early stage was written in which

language—Ans:Ardhamagadhi

  1. Kula, Kufri, Kajjair and Dalhousie are all tourists place of which state—Ans: Himachal Pradesh
  2. Of which Religion-wise the sculpture were found at Kankali tila in Mathura—Ans: Jaina
  3. By whom was the famous ‘Kirti Stambha’ at Chittor built—Ans: Rana Kumbha
  4. Which of the British Officials defeated Portuguese at Sowlley—Ans: Thomas Best
  5. Which element of Hinduism was practised in the Indus Valley Civilization—Ans: Cult of Shiva
  6. What was the script of Indus Valley Civilization—Ans: Undeciphered
  7. What are Brahmanas—Ans: Texts on sacrificial

rituals

  1. What is the meaning of ‘Buddha’—Ans: The Enlightened one
  2. Kautilya was the Prime Minister of which Indian ruler—Ans: Chandragupta Maurya
  3. Before ascending the Maurya throne, Ashoka served as– As a Viceroy of Taxila
  4. What were the two colossal images of the Buddha at Bamiyan—Ans: Works of the Gupta Art
  5. Who has been called the ‘Napoleon of India’—Ans: Samudragupta
  6. During the reign of which Pallava ruler did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang

visit Kanchi—Ans:Narasimhavaram I

  1. What was Sher Shah’s real name—Ans: Farid
  2. Which battle was fought in 1192 A.D.—Ans: Second Battle of Tarain
  3. During whose reign did the Mongols first invaded India—Ans: Iltutmish
  4. Who was contemporary of Namdev—Ans: Sena
  5. Who was the earliest Sufi Saint to have settled at Ajmer—Ans: Sheikh Moinuddin

Chisti

  1. Under whose reign did Mughal Empire extend up to Tamil territory in the

South—Ans: Aurangzeb

  1. Which Rajput mansabdar revolted against Aurangzeb—Ans: Durgadas Rathore
  2. Which was the last governor of Bengal appointed by the Mughal emperor—Ans: Murshid Quli Khan
  3. Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’—Ans: Guru Hargovind
  4. Who was the first Indian to get selected in ICS—Ans: Surendranath Banerjee
  5. Who was the first Governor General of Bengal—Ans: Warren Hastings
  6. What was the real name of Tantiya Tope—Ans: R a m c h a n d r a Panduranga

 


 

History

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  1. Who was the British PM at the time of Revolt of 1857—Ans: Pamstern
  2. The Cabinet Mission to India headed by– Lord Pethick Lawrence
  3. Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India—Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Who also had the name Devanama Piyadasi—Ans: Mauryan King Ashoka
  5. Who was thrice elected President of the Indian National Congress—Ans: Dadabhai Naoroji
  6. Which historical personality of India is also known as Vishnugupta—Ans: Chanakya
  7. The English East India Company founded a permanent factory at Surat in which

year—Ans:

1613

  1. Which Harappan site had a dock—Ans: Lothal
  2. Which Veda throws light on the beliefs and practices of the non-Aryans—Ans: Atharvaveda
  3. Lathyrism is caused by excessive consumption of which thing—Ans: Khesari Dal
  4. The code of conduct of the Vedic society was laid out in which text—Ans: Smritis
  5. Who was the founder of the Nanda dyansty—Ans: Mahapadma Nanda
  6. Who was a great ruler of Kalinga in ancient times—Ans: Kharavela
  7. What was the language of the Satavahana inscription—Ans: Prakrit
  8. The great grammarian Patanjali of ancient India was contemporary of– Pushyamitra Sunga
  9. Who deciphered the Brahmi script—Ans: James Princep
  10. Which ruler was adorned with the title of ‘Maharajadhiraja’ (King of Kings)—Ans: Chandragupta I
  11. In ancient peninsular India, who assumed the title ‘Vatapikonda’—Ans: Narasimhavarman
  12. Prithviraj Chauhan belonged to which Rajput dynasty—Ans: Gahadavalas
  13. Under which Sultan, Khalisa land increased considerably—Ans: Alauddin Khilji
  14. By whom was the structure of Qutab Minar was completed—Ans: Iltutmish
  15. When Akbar was young, Who was his guardian—Ans: Bairam Khan
  16. In which year Akbar assumed actual control over the administration of his

empire—Ans:

1560

  1. By whom was Nishat Garden built—Ans: Jahangir
  2. Which Mughal ruler banned music and dancing—Ans: Aurangzeb
  3. Who succeeded Siraj-ud-Daulah as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of

Plassey—Ans:Mir Jafar

  1. Where did Shahjahan build the Moti Masjid—Ans: Agra
  2. In which year was Vande Mataram first sung at the session of the Indian National

Congress—Ans:1896

  1. Which State was first annexed by Lord Dalhousie under the Doctrine of Lapse—Ans: Satara
  2. Which leader of the Revolution of 1857 had the real name of Ram Chandra

Pandurang—Ans:Tatiya Tope

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